BRD9 inhibitor | BI-9564
BI-9564 was developed in collaboration with the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC). The compound binds with high affinity to BRD9 KD(BRD9, ITC) = 14 nM and with lower affinity to closely related BRD7 KD(BRD7, ITC) = 239 nM. CECR2 was the only other identified off-target (KD(CECR2, ITC) = 258 nM), but with no effect in cells at 1 µM (FRAP assay). BI-9464 is completely negative on BET family members in the AlphaScreen (>100 µM). BI-9564 with its high potency, selectivity and good ADME parameters is a good probe to study BAF complex biology in vitro and in vivo.1 We also offer BI-6354 as a negative control for in vitro experiments.
The mammalian switch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex is one of four mammalian chromatin remodelling complexes. Recurrent inactivating mutations in certain subunits of this complex have been identified in different cancers. Despite its known roles in tumor suppression, the mammalian SWI/SNF complex has recently received attention as a potential target for therapeutic inhibition.2
The human bromodomain family encompasses 61 domains, found on 46 proteins and BRD9 and BRD7 proteins containing a single acetyl-lysine reader bromodomain and are components of the chromatin remodelling SWI/SNF BAF complex. A recent study highlighted a role of another SWI/SNF subunit, BRD9, in leukemia growth. The BRD9 bromodomain (BD) was shown to be required for the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.3
Figure 3: BRD9 with BI-7273, as observed by X-ray.1
|Probe name / Negative control||BI-9564||BI-6354|
|ITC(BRD9) (KD) [nM]a||14||n.d.|
|ITC(BRD7) (KD) [nM]a||239||n.d.|
|AlphaScreen(BRD9) (IC50) [nM]a||75||27192|
|AlphaScreen(BRD7) (IC50) [nM]a||3410||81896|
|AlphaScreen(BRD4-BD1) (IC50) [nM]a||>100000||>100000|
a for detailed assay conditions see Ref. 1
BI-9564 has an attractive ADME/PK profile for in vivo proof-of-concept studies, namely, high solubility at pH 6.8, moderate to high in vitro metabolic stability, low plasma protein binding, and no cytochrome P450 inhibition.
|Probe name / negative control||BI-9564||BI-6354|
|Solubility @ pH 6.8 [µg/ml]||>90||>59|
|CACO permeability @pH 7.4 [*10-6 cm/s]||11||n.d.|
|CACO efflux ratio||4.5||n.d.|
|Microsomal stability (human/mouse/rat) [% QH]||<24||35||<23||<24||n.d.||<23|
|Hepatocyte stability (human/mouse/rat) [% QH]||17||56||17||n.d.|
|Plasma protein binding (human/mouse/rat) [%]||42||35||23||n.d.|
|CYP 3A4 (IC50)[µM]||>50||n.d.|
|CYP 2C8 (IC50)[µM]||>50||n.d.|
|CYP 2C9 (IC50)[µM]||>50||n.d.|
|CYP 2C19 (IC50)[µM]||>50||n.d.|
|CYP 2D6 (IC50)[µM]||49||n.d.|
BI-9564 showed moderate to high absorptive permeability and moderate in vivo plasma clearances upon i.v. dosing. BI-9564 displayed high oral bioavailability.
|Mean residence time after iv dose [l/kg]a||0.6|
ai.v. 5 mg/kg
bp.o. 20 mg/kg
BI-9564 showed efficacy at oral doses of 180 mg/kg in a disseminated mouse model of AML with a median TGI value of 52% on day 18, which translated into an additional survival benefit compared to that of the control group.1
BI-6354 is available as an in vitro negative control. It shows only very weak potency on BRD9 and BRD7 and no potency on BRD4. Also see the “In vitro activity” section.
Figure 4: BI-6354 which serves as an in vitro negative control
BI-9564 was screened on 48 bromodomains, 55 GPCRs and a large kinase panel (324 kinases). Beside BRD9 and BRD7, CECR2 was the only bromodomain off-target (258 nM, ITC), but with no cellular effect at 1 µM in FRAP assay. All GPCRs except M1(h) (75%) and M3(h) (86%) showed less than 40% crtl inhibition at 10 µM. From the 324 kinases only 3 kinases (ACVR1, TGFBR1, ACVR2B) showing an % ctrl inhibition of > 40%, for which the measured IC50 values were > 5 µM.
|BI-9564||Selectivity data available|
The Xray crystal structure of target in complex with BI-9564 is available (PDB code: 5F1H).1
LP994, I-BRD95, BI-72731, “compound 28”6.7
BI-9564 binds with high affinity to BRD9 KD(BRD9, ITC) = 14 nM and with lower affinity to closely related BRD7 KD(BRD7, ITC) = 239 nM. CECR2 was the only other identified off-target (KD(CECR2, ITC) = 258 nM), but with no effect in cells at 1 µM (FRAP assay). BI-9464 is completely negative on BET family members in the AlphaScreen (>100 µM).
BI-9564 with its high potency, selectivity and good ADME parameters is a good probe to study BAF complex biology in vitro and in vivo.1,7 We also offer BI-6354 as a negative control for in vitro experiments.
Structure-based design of an in vivo active selective BRD9 inhibitor
Laetitia J Martin, Manfred Koegl, Gerd Bader, Xiao-Ling Cockcroft, Oleg Fedorov, Dennis Fiegen, Thomas Gerstberger, Marco H Hofmann, Anja F Hohmann, Dirk Kessler, Stefan Knapp, Petr Knesl, Stefan Kornigg, Susanne Müller, Herbert Nar, Catherine Rogers, Klaus Rumpel, Otmar Schaaf, Steffen Steurer, Cynthia Tallant, Christopher R. Vakoc, Markus Zeeb, Andreas Zoephel, Mark Pearson, Guido Boehmelt, and Darryl McConnell
J. Med. Chem. 2016, 59, 4462−4475.
Selective targeting of the BRG/PB1 bromodomains impairs embryonic and trophoblast stem cell maintenance
Oleg Fedorov, Josefina Castex, Cynthia Tallant, Dafydd R. Owen, Sarah Martin, Matteo Aldeghi, Octovia Monteiro, Panagis Filippakopoulos, Sarah Picaud, John D. Trzupek, Brian S. Gerstenberger, Chas Bountra, Dominica Willmann, Christopher Wells, Martin Philpott, Catherine Rogers, Philip C. Biggin, Paul E. Brennan, Mark E. Bunnage, Roland Schüle, Thomas Günther, Stefan Knapp, Susanne Müller
Sci. Adv. 2015, 10, e1500723.
Sensitivity and engineered resistance of myeloid leukemia cells to BRD 9 inhibition
Anja F Hohmann, Laetitia J Martin, Jessica L Minder, Jae-Seok Roe, Junwei Shi, Steffen Steurer, Gerd Bader, Darryl McConnell, Mark Pearson, Thomas Gerstberger, Teresa Gottschamel, Diane Thompson, Yutaka Suzuki, Manfred Koegl, Christopher R Vakoc
Nat. Chem. Biol. 2016, 12, 672–679.
LP99: Discovery and Synthesis of the First Selective BRD7/9 Bromodomain Inhibitor
Peter G. K. Clark, Lucas C. C. Vieira, Cynthia Tallant, Oleg Fedorov, Dean C. Singleton, Catherine M. Rogers, Octovia P. Monteiro, James M. Bennett, Roberta Baronio, Susanne Müller, Danette L. Daniels, Jacqui Méndez, Prof. Stefan Knapp, Paul E. Brennan, Darren J. Dixon
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2015, 54, 6217-21.
Discovery of I-BRD9, a Selective Cell Active Chemical Probe for Bromodomain Containing Protein 9 Inhibition
Natalie H. Theodoulou, Paul Bamborough, Andrew J. Bannister, Isabelle Becher, Rino A. Bit, Ka Hing Che, Chun-wa Chung, Antje Dittmann, Gerard Drewes, David H. Drewry, Laurie Gordon, Paola Grandi, Melanie Leveridge, Matthew Lindon, Anne-Marie Michon, Judit Molnar, Samuel C. Robson, Nicholas C. O. Tomkinson, Tony Kouzarides, Rab K. Prinjha, and Philip G. Humphreys
J. Med. Chem. 2016, 59, 1425–1439.
Design and synthesis of potent and selective inhibitors of BRD7 and BRD9 bromodomains
Duncan A. Hay, Catherine M. Rogers, Oleg Fedorov, Cynthia Tallant, Sarah Martin, Octovia P. Monteiro, Susanne Müller, Stefan Knapp, Christopher J. Schofielda and Paul E. Brennan
Med. Chem. Commun. 2016, 6, 1381-1386.
An Advanced Tool To Interrogate BRD9
Rezaul M. Karim, Ernst Schönbrunn
J. Med. Chem. 2016, 59, 4459−4461.